Unlawful Presence Bars

by | Jul 26, 2022 | IMMIGRATION LAW

Law Office of Todd Becraft: Unlawful Presence Bars

In a major development on June 24, 2022, USCIS announced changes to the agency’s interpretation of the 3-year and 10-year unlawful presence bars under INA § 2129(a)(9)(B). This change is basically the result of the pending class action Velasco v. USCIS which questions the agency’s prior interpretation. USCIS has also issued changes in their USCIS policy manual regarding the agency’s change in interpretation of the unlawful presence bars.

In general, under INA § 2129(a)(9)(B), an undocumented individual who remains in the United States for more than 180 days, essentially six (6) months, is subject to a 3-year inadmissibility bar, or is respectively subject to a 10-year inadmissibility bar if more than one year of unlawful status occurs.

This new guidance by USCIS significantly changes the interpretation of the rule.

Highlights of the change of interpretation and policy guidance include the following:

A noncitizen who has accrued unlawful presence for more than 180 days and departed or was removed is not considered inadmissible by USCIS under INA § 2129(a)(9)(B) UNLESS the noncitizen again seeks admission into the United States within the applicable 3-year or 10-year bar period after departure or removal.

The 3-year or 10-year bar period is triggered upon the noncitizens departure or removal from the United States and runs continuously without interruption until 3 to 10 years after the said date of departure or removal.

A noncitizen’s location during the 3-year or 10-year period and the manner in which the noncitizen intends to return to the United States during their 3-year or 10-year bar period will not be relevant for purposes of determining inadmissibility under INA § 2129(a)(9)(B).

Basically, if you are subject to this bar you, in certain circumstances, no longer need to spend the three (3) or ten (10) years outside of the country. This is a huge change that will significantly affect a lot of people.

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